Northern Ireland’s climate and soil types are well suited to pasture based food production and as such the dairy sector is a key industry in the province.
As reported by the Dairy Council, Northern Ireland has over 310,000 dairy cows, producing 2,335 million litres of milk which contributes to an industry with an annual turnover of £925 million and export sales of £323 million.
In the second of AFBI’s series of Outlook webinars two of AFBI’s leading dairy scientists, Dr Conrad Ferris and Dr Debbie McConnell, highlighted some of the key challenges and opportunities facing the dairy industry to 2030 and outlined examples of the dairy research that is underway within AFBI. Key challenges that were highlighted for the dairy industry included reducing its environmental impact in a holistic manner, addressing antimicrobial resistance, optimising grass production, silage quality and milk solids content, as well as the expected impact of climate change on future grassland productivity in NI.
Dr Conrad Ferris highlighted the opportunity, and indeed the need, for NI to improve milk fat and milk protein content. He noted that a revised milk pricing system would encourage this, and that it was possible to achieve improvements through a combination of nutrition and especially breeding for high milk protein and fat content. When discussing the environmental challenges facing the dairy industry Conrad highlighted a number of research projects underway in AFBI to address issues with nitrates, phosphates, greenhouse gases and ammonia. However, he highlighted that these challenges need to be considered in a holistic manner to address potential trade-offs and reduce the risk of ‘pollution swapping’, and ultimately decision support tools need to consider all of the factors to enable the farming industry to address them collectively.
The recent COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted how fragile supply chains can be and Conrad highlighted recent results from AFBI investigating the use of home grown protein sources to reduce reliance on imported soya. In closing Conrad highlighted the future management of the dairy herd will be through precision management of individual cows, and techniques such as MIR (mid infrared reflectance spectroscopy) milk analysis has a key role to play to achieving precision management.
Dr Debbie McConnell focused on grassland management and highlighted the impact which future climate change predictions could have on NI’s grass production potential. Debbie highlighted that grass production has the potential to increase, especially during May and June and in the autumn in the coming 20-30 years but the level of variability from year to year will be significant and will pose a real challenge. To address this challenge Debbie highlighted the need for measurement and prediction tools, refined for the variation on climate variability that is expected to occur in the future and in different parts of the country. Future sward composition can play a key role in resilience to drought and other climate challenges was also highlighted. Debbie noted that multi-species swards or the inclusion of plantain are keys areas of research required to understand their role in future resilience of grass production.
Video of the webinar
The webinar was highly successful with over 160 participants online and is now available to view: Future of Dairy Production to 2030
The third AFBI outlook webinar in this series will be held on 2nd July at 10am. This webinar will focus on the ‘Safeguarding NI’s Natural Capita from Invasive Alien Species’. Invasive Alien Species are defined as problematic non-native species that invade a new region. AFBI’s leading scientists in the areas of plant health and entomology, Dr Colin Fleming and Dr Archie Murchie will highlight the key threats these pose to Northern Ireland’s plant based sectors and some key mitigations that are in place to minimise their impact. Anyone wishing to participate should register through the AFBI website (www.afbini.gov.uk/events).
Notes to editors:
AFBI is an arms-length body of DAERA delivering research and development, diagnostic and analytical testing, emergency response capability and expert scientific advice for DAERA and other government departments, public bodies and commercial companies in Northern Ireland, and further afield.
AFBI’s Vision is “Advancing the Local and Global Agri-Food Sectors Through Scientific Excellence”.
AFBI’s core areas:
- Leading improvements in the agri-food industry;
- Protecting animal, plant and human health;
- Enhancing the natural and marine environment.
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- AFBI Survey – Northern Ireland Farmers, what makes you proud about your farm? 14 March 2023
- Developing an improved understanding of energy balance in dairy cows 13 March 2023
- Soil Nutrient Health Scheme milestone reached 02 March 2023